Estonia shows great advancement in complying with EU waste legislation. In 2002 the national waste treatment was composed of 97 percent landfilling and 3 percent recycling. According to latest OECD figures, the recycling rate including recycling and composting reached 31 percent. 150 former non-EU-conform landfill sites were reduced to 5 sanitary landfills under operation. Since 2008, Estonia has implemented circa 100 recycling centers nationwide, separate collection systems of selected recyclable materials in the larger cities and a well-functioning deposit system for bottles and cans.