Brussels — In preparation for the Renewable Energy Directive review, ESWET is confident that EU decision-makers will maintain the current recognition of the renewable energy contributions made by Waste-to-Energy. Aiming at more renewables in tomorrow’s grids, Waste-to-Energy gives double contribution – in the electricity merit order and regarding better heat supply, the European Suppliers of Waste-to-Energy Technology (ESWET) underlines.
- Renewable energy from residual waste: Around 50 percent of the energy produced from residual waste comes from biomass.
- Cascading use of biomass: After the biomass contained in residual waste has served a useful material purpose, it should be used to generate energy instead of being landfilled.
- CO2 neutrality: Waste biomass is carbon-neutral, whether it is combusted or composted.
- Waste-to-Energy’s double contribution in the electricity merit order: Electricity from residual waste should be high in the merit order to access the grid. This is because Waste-to-Energy plants can supply more renewable electricity into the grid while helping to stabilise it (since they are technically capable of modulating their electricity output). Both such services deserve to be rewarded in the new market design.
- Waste-to-Energy’s double contribution to better heat supply: District Heating operators are increasingly switching from natural gas (mostly imported from outside of the EU) to residual waste (predominantly local) as a heat source. For instance, new Waste-to-Energy plants in Tallinn, Estonia, and Klaipeda, Lithuania have been connected to existing District Heating networks, replacing imported gas with residual waste that would otherwise have been landfilled.
Waste-to-Energy therefore helped to:
- Fulfill waste management obligations;
- Increase the security of energy supply;
- Introduce renewable energy to existing District Heating networks;
- Reduce overall greenhouse gas emissions from waste and energy activities.
Source: European Suppliers of Waste-to-Energy Technology (ESWET)